Section 504 is a law that prohibits schools from discriminating against students with disabilities. Section 504 sets minimum standards for providing related services and aids to students with disabilities that substantially limits a major life activity. All accredited Iowa schools must comply with Section 504. This applies to elementary and secondary education, preschool and adult education, and private education.
Who's Eligible: Under Section 504 law, a person with a disability meets any of the following criteria: has a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities; has a record of such an impairment; or is regarded as having such an impairment.
What's Required: Procedures regarding the identification, evaluation and educational placement of students with disabilities is required. School districts must incorporate a system of procedural safeguards that include notice, an opportunity for the parents or guardian to examine relevant records, an impartial hearing, an opportunity for participation by the student’s parents or guardian, representation by counsel, and a review procedure. Section 504 requires a written plan describing placement and services. Students eligible for Section 504 services are to receive related services similar to those students eligible for special education services.
On July 26, 2016, the OCR issued a Dear Colleague Letter regarding obligations to students with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) under Section 504. Highlights of significant guidance can be found here. To view the full guidance click here.
Comparison chart: IDEA vs. Section 504 process
Comparison Chart: IDEA, Section 504, and ADA: Comparison of the Individuals with Disabilities Act (IDEA), Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act (Section 504), and The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)
Sample District Protocol